The Growth of Slavery

Africans being captured was a very important part of slavery in the colonies. Between 1450 and the end of the nineteenth century, slaves were taken from along the west coast of Africa by African kings and merchants. There were some military campaigns organized by Europeans to capture slaves, especially by the Portuguese but this accounts for only a small percentage of the total. This is the first step taken by America in her darkest hour. Slaves were taken from all over africa but the destruction was worst near the coast.

external image TriangleTrade001.jpg
Traingular Trade Route

This picture shows the Triangular Trade. The Triangular Trade involved taking manufactured goods from Europe to Africa: cloth, tobacco, beads, cowrie shells, metal goods, and guns. The guns were used to help expand empires and obtain more slaves. These goods were exchanged for African slaves.The second stage of the Triangular Trade (the middle passage) involved shipping the slaves to the Americas by boat. Slaves were packed onto the boats and lived in the worst conditions. Often treated horribly by the staff of the ships. The third stage of the Triangular Trade involved the return to Europe with the produce from the slave plantations: cotton, sugar, tobacco, molasses and rum. These products were known as "Raw Material". The second detailed procedure was considered the worst part of slavery because every voyage tons of slaves were killed due to sickness from being packed into small spaces with such large numbers. Others were lost due to being abused by the sailors.

The middle passage as mentioned above was the period when the slaves were shipped to the colonies by boat. Visit this link to view a layout of the average slave transport.

Slave trade and auctions. In the late 1700's to early 1800's, 400,000 people were brought to the United States to be sold as slaves. By 1860, that number had jumped to 4,000,000 people. The shipping of slaves to the United States consisted of a journey that was usually 6-10 weeks long. After a breaking period, slaves were often put up for sale on an auction block (auction blocks were large platforms in which the auctioner showed of the slaves for sale). "Slaves were considered property just like livestock and cattle, and could be bought and sold at any time the owner chose to." Said James C.E. on his website about life if the 1800s. The slaves were constantly being baught and sold over and over agian.


Here are some links for the growth of slavery.
This link is a complete view of the transatlantic slave trade.
This site show accounts written by slaves and slave culture, issues and daily live.